My name is Maria Antonia Gwynn. I am an Oxford-Princeton Global Leaders Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and it also has an affiliation to the Blavatnik School of Government of the University of Oxford. I am working on a research project that covers the topic of international arbitration and comprehends a comparative study of different international investment framework scenarios (treaty-based arbitrations) to assess the unintended sovereignty costs in the form of restrictions to regulate for host countries. In the strategies for how to move forward in the light of these challenges, rather than blaming the institutions, I discuss the different strategies of states, negotiation of rules under asymmetrical relationships/structural power, and possibility of improving the rules, and thereby partake in the evolution of the system. I merge the legal and political science perspectives on the international investment framework. Furthermore I analyse the implications of the renegotiation of the Itaipu Treaty between Brazil and Paraguay and the different forms available to the parties to diminish sovereignty costs deriving from it. I was born in Asuncion, Paraguay, where I did my LLB (Honours); I hold postgraduate international practice diplomas in International Arbitration and Mergers and Acquisition by the College of Law of England and Wales and the International Bar Association; I also hold a Magister Juris (University of Oxford, UK) and a Doctorate (Bergische Universtitat Wuppertal, Germany). At different times, I have been hosted to conduct my research in institutions like UNIDROIT, UNCITRAL, School of Law, University of Pittsburgh and the Faculty of Law of the University of Oxford. I have also worked in private practice before; I was admitted to practice since 2005 by the Supreme Court of Paraguay and in 2016 passed the examination of the Multi-State Professional and Responsibility Examination of the National Conference of Bar Examiners in the United States. I will be in Princeton during the 2016-2017 academic year and in Oxford during the 2017-2018 academic year. 

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