Publications

Book
Speaking with a Single Voice: The EU as an Effective Actor in Global Governance?
Meunier, Sophie, and Eugenia da Conceicao-Heldt, ed. Speaking with a Single Voice: The EU as an Effective Actor in Global Governance?. Routledge, 2015. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Under what conditions does the internal cohesiveness of the European Union determine its external effectiveness on the world stage? This book asks this question, investigating the frequent political assumption that the more cohesive the EU presents itself to the world, the more effective it is in achieving its goals. Contributions to this book explore this theory from a range of perspectives, from trade to foreign policy, and highlight complex patterns between internal cohesiveness and external effectiveness. These are simplified into three possible configurations: internal cohesiveness has a positive impact on external effectiveness; internal cohesiveness has no impact on external effectiveness; and internal cohesiveness has a negative impact on external effectiveness. The international context in which the EU operates, which includes the bargaining configuration and the policy arena, functions as an intervening variable that helps us to explain variation in these causal links. The book also launches a research agenda aimed at explaining these patterns more systematically and determining the marginal impact of cohesiveness on effectiveness. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

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Jacoby, Wade, et al. The Politics of Representation in the Global Age: Identification, Mobilization, and Adjudication. Cambridge University Press, 2014. Print.
Developments in French Politics 5
Meunier, Sophie, Alistair Cole, and Vincent Tiberj. Developments in French Politics 5. Palgrave, 2013. Web. Publisher's Version
Europe and the Management of Globalization
Meunier, Sophie, and Wade Jacoby. Europe and the Management of Globalization. Routledge, 2010. Web. Publisher's Version
Making History: European Integration and Institutional Change at Fifty (The State of the European Union Volume 8)
Meunier, Sophie, and Kathleen McNamara. Making History: European Integration and Institutional Change at Fifty (The State of the European Union Volume 8). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Web. Publisher's Version
L'Union fait la force: l'Europe dans les negociations commerciales internationales
Meunier, Sophie. L'Union fait la force: l'Europe dans les negociations commerciales internationales. Paris, France: Presses de Sciences Po, 2005. Web. Publisher's Version
Trading Voices: The European Union in International Commercial Negotiations
Meunier, Sophie. Trading Voices: The European Union in International Commercial Negotiations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The European Union, the world's foremost trader, is not an easy bargainer to deal with. Its twenty-five member states have relinquished most of their sovereignty in trade to the supranational level, and in international commercial negotiations, such as those conducted under the World Trade Organization, the EU speaks with a "single voice." This single voice has enabled the Brussels-based institution to impact the distributional outcomes of international trade negotiations and shape the global political economy.

Trading Voices is the most comprehensive book about the politics of trade policy in the EU and the role of the EU as a central actor in international commercial negotiations. Sophie Meunier explores how this pooling of trade policy-making and external representation affects the EU's bargaining power in international trade talks. Using institutionalist analysis, she argues that its complex institutional procedures and multiple masters have, more often than once, forced its trade partners to give in to an EU speaking with a single voice.

Through analysis of four transatlantic commercial negotiations over agriculture, public procurement, and civil aviation, Trading Voices explores the politics of international trade bargaining. It also addresses the salient political question of whether negotiating efficiency comes at the expense of democratic legitimacy. Finally, this book looks at how the EU, with its recent enlargement and proposed Constitution, might become an even more formidable rival to the United States in shaping globalization.

Le Nouveau defi francais: La France face a la mondialisation
Meunier, Sophie, and Philip H Gordon. Le Nouveau defi francais: La France face a la mondialisation. Paris: Editions Odile Jacob, 2002. Print.Abstract

S’adapter ou disparaître sous la domination américaine : la globalisation économique représente un défi pour toutes les sociétés. Il est toutefois particulièrement dramatique en France, du fait de notre tradition étatique, de notre souci de justice sociale, de notre attachement à notre langue, à notre culture, à notre identité, ainsi que de notre vieille rivalité avec les États-Unis.

Beaucoup de Français s’accordent à penser que la mondialisation comporte des bienfaits, mais ils sont nombreux à s’inquiéter de ses effets sur la répartition des revenus, l’emploi, la culture et la position de la France dans le monde. Qu’en est-il vraiment? La France ne s’adapte-t-elle pas plus nettement qu’on ne veut bien le dire ? Et l’idée de " mondialisation maîtrisée "? Peut-elle devenir réalité ou bien est-ce un mythe inventé par les hommes politiques afin de rassurer le public?

"Un travail impressionnant pour mettre au jour les racines historiques et intellectuelles de la résistance française à la globalisation et pour montrer comment la France réussit à s’adapter sans s’américaniser." Stanley Hoffmann.

The French Challenge: Adapting to Globalization
Meunier, Sophie, and Philip H Gordon. The French Challenge: Adapting to Globalization. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2001. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The French Challenge deals with France's effort to adapt to globalization and its consequences for France's economy, cultural identity, domestic politics, and foreign relations. The authors begin by analyzing the structural transformation of the French economy, driven first by liberalization within the European Union and more recently by globalization. By examining a wide variety of possible measures of globalization and liberalization, the authors conclude that the French economy's adaptation has been far reaching and largely successful, even if French leaders prefer to downplay the extent of these changes in response to political pressures and public opinion. They call this adaptation "globalization by stealth."

The authors also examine the relationship between trade, culture, and identity and explain why globalization has rendered the three inseparable. They show how globalization is contributing to the restructuring of the traditional French political spectrum and blurring the traditional differences between left and right. Finally, they explore France's effort to tame globalization—maîtriser la mondialisation—and the possible consequences and lessons of the French stance for the rest of the world.

Book Chapter
Meunier, Sophie. “La Mondialisation”. Le Quebec International: Une Perspective Economique. Montreal, 2015. Print.PDF icon meunierpointdevuelamondialisation.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Jean-Frederic Morin. “No Agreement is an Island: Negotiating TTIP in a Dense Regime Complex”. The Politics of Transatlantic Trade Negotiations: TTIP in a Globalized World. Ashgate, 2015. Print.PDF icon meunier_morin_ttip_chapter.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Ledina Gocaj. “Time Will Tell: The EFSF, the ESM, and the Euro Crisis”. Redefining European Economic Governance. Routledge, 2014. Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “France and the Global Economic Order”. Developments in French Politics 5. Palgrave, 2013. Print.PDF icon MeunierFranceGlobalEconomicOrder.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “La Politique etrangere de Nicolas Sarkozy”. Politiques Publiques sous la presidence Sarkozy. Presses de Sciences Po, 2012. Print.PDF icon meunierpolitiqueetrangeresarkozymarch2012.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Kalypso Nicolaïdis. “The European Union as a Trade Power”. International Relations and the European Union. Oxford University Press, 2011. Print.PDF icon meuniernicolaidistradepowerpdf.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Wade Jacoby. “Europe and Globalization”. Research Agendas in European Union Studies: Stalking the Elephant. Palgrave MacMillan, 2010. Web. Publisher's VersionPDF icon jacobymeunierglobalizationandeuropeanization.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Wade Jacoby. “Managing the Global Trade Agenda”. The European Union in a World in Transition: Fit for What Purpose? . 2009. Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “L'Union europeenne et l'OMC: la 'mondialisation maitrisee' a l'epreuve”. L'Europe qui se fait: Regards croises sur un parcours inacheve. Presses de l'Universite de Montreal, 2008. Print.
France and the World, from Chirac to Sarkozy”. Developments in French Politics 4. Palgrave, 2008. Print.PDF icon meunierfrenchforeignpolicy2008.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “L'Union europeenne, la 'mondialisation maitrisee' et l'epreuve du cycle de Doha”. Annuaire Francais des Relations Internationales, Vol. VIII. Centre Thucydide, 2007. Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “The Distinctiveness of French Anti-Americanism”. Anti-Americanisms in World Politics. Cornell University Press, 2006. Print.PDF icon AntiAmericanismFranceMeunier.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Randall C Henning. “United Against the United States? The EU’s Role in Global Trade and Finance”. The State of the European Union Vol. 7. Oxford University Press, 2005. Print.PDF icon henningmeunierseuchapter.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Kalypso Nicolaïdis. “The European Union as a Trade Power”. The International Relations of the European Union. Oxford University Press, 2005. Print.
Meunier, Sophie, and Kalypso Nicolaïdis. “Revisiting Trade Competence in the European Union: Amsterdam, Nice and Beyond”. Institutional Challenges in the European Union. Routledge, 2002. Print.
Meunier, Sophie, and Kalypso Nicolaïdis. “EU Trade Policy: The “Exclusive vs. Shared” Competence Debate”. The State of the European Union Vol. 5: Risks, Reforms, Resistance or Revival?. Oxford University Press, 2001. Print.PDF icon meuniernicolaidisexclusivesharedcompetence.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “US-EU Trade Relations”. Encyclopedia of European Integration. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1998. Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “Divided but United: European Trade Policy Integration and EC-US Agricultural Negotiations in the Uruguay Round.”. The European Union in the World Community. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1998. Print.
Journal Article
Meunier, Sophie. “Integration by Stealth: How the European Union Gained Competence over Foreign Direct Investment Policy”. Journal of Common Market Studies (2017). Web. Publisher's VersionPDF icon meunier_integration_by_stealth_sep_2016.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, Soo Yeon Kim, and Zsolt Nyiri. “Yin and Yank: Relations between Public Opinion towards China and the US in Europe”. Comparative European Politics (2016): , 1-27. Web. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s41295-016-0005-6Abstract

Perceptions of the United States in European public opinion greatly improved around 2008, while perceptions of China simultaneously deteriorated. The Transatlantic and Sino-European relationships stem from radically different historical contexts. Yet could the image of China and the image of the U.S. be related in the eyes of Europeans? This paper examines whether attitudes towards China have contributed to determining attitudes towards the U.S. in Europe by analyzing data from the Transatlantic Trends survey taken in 2010, a critical juncture in Europe’s relations with both the U.S. and China. We investigate three hypotheses about this relation: the “yin and yank” or negative correlation (the more Europeans fear China, the more positive they become about the U.S.; the more favorably Europeans view China, the more negatively they see the U.S.); the “open vs. closed” or positive correlation (the more favorably Europeans see China, the more favorably they see the U.S.; the more negatively they see China, the more negatively they see the U.S.); and no relation (European attitudes towards China and the U.S. are independent). To the question of whether anti-Chinese sentiment has the potential for replacing anti-Americanism in Europe, our main conclusion is that positively correlated attitudes towards the U.S. and China reveal a deep cleavage in Europe between those who are “in” and those who are “out” of globalization. 

Meunier, Sophie, Erik Jones, and Daniel R Kelemen. “Failing Forward? The Euro Crisis and the Incomplete Nature of European Integration”. Comparative Political Studies (2015). Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie, and Eugenia da Conceicao-Heldt. “Speaking with a Single Voice: Internal Cohesiveness and External Effectiveness of the EU in Global Governance”. Journal of European Public Policy 21.7 (2014): , 21, 7, 961-979. Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “A Faustian Bargain or Just a Good Bargain? Chinese Foreign Direct Investment and Politics in Europe”. Asia-Europe Journal 12.1 (2014): , 12, 1, 143-158. Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “Beggars Can't Be Choosers: The European Crisis and Chinese Direct Investment in the European Union”. Journal of European Integration (2014). Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “Divide and Conquer: China and the Cacophony of Foreign Investment Rules in the EU”. Journal of European Public Policy 21.7 (2014): , 21, 7, 996-1016. Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie, Brian Burgoon, and Wade Jacoby. “The Politics of Hosting Chinese Direct Investment in Europe”. Asia-Europe Journal 12.1 (2014): , 12, 1, 109-126. Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “Review of Rethinking Anti-Americanism: The History of an Exceptional Concept in American Foreign Relations”. Political Science Quarterly 128.4 (2013): , 128, 4, 783-785. Print.PDF icon MeunierReviewFriedman.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Ledina Gocaj. “Time Will Tell: The EFSF, the ESM, and the Euro Crisis”. Journal of European Integration 35.3 (2013): , 35, 3, 239-253. Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “The Dog That Did Not Bark: Anti-Americanism and the 2008 Financial Crisis in Europe”. Review of International Political Economy 20.1 (2013): , 20, 1, 1-25. Print.PDF icon meunierripefinal.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “Review of Andreas Duer's "Protection for Exporters: Power and Discrimination in Transatlantic Trade Relations, 1930-2010"”. World Trade Review Vol. 10.No. 2 (2011): , Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 290-293. Print.PDF icon meunierduerreviewwtr.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Christina Davis. “Business as Usual: Economic Responses to Political Tensions”. American Journal of Political Science Vol. 55.No. 3 (2011): , Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 628-646. Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “Do Transatlantic Relations Still Matter?”. Perspectives on Europe Vol. 40.No. 1 (2010). Print.PDF icon meunierperspectivesoneuropejune2010.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “Review of The French Fifth Republic at Fifty, by Sylvain Brouard, Andrew Appleton and Amy Mazur, and Governing and Governance in France, by Alistair Cole”. Perspectives on Politics Vol. 8.No. 1 (2010): , Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 374-377. Print.PDF icon meunierbookreviewperspectives2010.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Rawi Abdelal. “Managed Globalization: Doctrine, Practice and Promise”. Journal of European Public Policy Vol. 17.No. 3 (2010): , Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 350-367. Print.Abstract

Two alternate visions for shaping and explaining the governance of economic globalization have been in competition for the past 20 years: an ad hoc, laissez-faire vision promoted by the United States versus a managed vision relying on multilateral rules and international organizations promoted by the European Union. Although the American vision prevailed in the past decade, the current worldwide crisis gives a new life and legitimacy to the European vision. This essay explores how this European vision, often referred to as ‘managed globalization’, has been conceived and implemented and how the rules that Europe fashioned in trade and finance actually shaped the world economy. In doing so, we highlight the paradox that managed globalization has been a force for liberalization.

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Meunier, Sophie, and Wade Jacoby. “Europe and the Management of Globalization”. Journal of European Public Policy Vol. 17.No. 3 (2010): , Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 299-317. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

European policy-makers often speak of their efforts to ‘manage globalization’. We argue that the advocacy of managed globalization is more than a rhetorical device and indeed has been a primary driver of major European Union (EU) policies over the past 25 years. We sketch the outlines of the concept of managed globalization, raise broad questions about its extent, and describe five major mechanisms through which it has been pursued: (1) expanding policy scope; (2) exercising regulatory influence; (3) empowering international institutions; (4) enlarging the territorial sphere of EU influence; and (5) redistributing the costs of globalization. These mechanisms are neither entirely novel, nor are they necessarily effective, but they provide the contours of an approach to globalization that is neither ad hoc deregulation nor old-style economic protectionism.

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Meunier, Sophie. “Globalization, Americanization and Sarkozy's France”. European Political Science Vol. 9.No. 2 (2010): , Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 213-222. Print.Abstract

Globalization and Americanization have often been intertwined and interchanged in the French political discourse. This article explores whether and how the election of Sarkozy, and then of Obama, are transforming this equation. The French obsession with globalization and Americanization was temporarily appeased at the time of the 2007 election, which enabled Sarkozy to come to power. Yet the French rapprochement with the US, at least on economic issues, is not so clear as has often been portrayed. However, the past couple of years have shown that globalization no longer equals Americanization. This should help mitigate the strains put on the Franco-American relationship by the world financial crisis.

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Meunier, Sophie. “Quel impact economique pour les tensions transatlantiques”. Politique etrangere No. 1 (2009). Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie, and Karen Alter. “The Politics of International Regime Complexity”. Perspectives on Politics Vol. 7.No. 1 (2009): , Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 13-24. Print.PDF icon altermeunierperspectives.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “French Cultural Policy and the American Mirror in the Sarkozy Era”. French Politics Vol. 6.No. 1 (2008): , Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 85-93. Print.Abstract

Although culture is not at the heart of the policy agenda of the current French administration, it will likely be affected by the Sarkozy revolution. French culture seems to be in a state of crisis, as evidenced both by the end of its ‘rayonnement’ outside of France and by its diminutive focus on the producers instead of the consumers of cultural goods. The options available for reform can, paradoxically given France’s history of policy opposition to American culture, be inspired by what is done in the United States, as is suggested by Fre´de´ ric Martel’s 2006 book De la Culture en Ame´rique. A reform of French cultural policy would have implications both for foreign and for domestic policies.

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Meunier, Sophie, and Rawi Abdelal. “The Paradox of Managed Globalization”. European Studies Forum 37:2 (2007). Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “Review of Rebecca Steffenson's "Managing EU-US Relations"”. Common Market Law Review Vol. 44 (2007): , Vol. 44, pp. 209-211. Print.PDF icon meuniersteffensonreviewcmlr.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “Review of Nicolas Jabko's "Playing the Market: A Political Strategy for Uniting Europe, 1985-2005"”. EUSA Review Vol. 20.No. 2 (2007): , Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 16-17. Web. Publisher's Version
Managing Globalization: the EU in International Trade Negotiations”. Journal of Common Market Studies Vol. 45.No. 4 (2007): , Vol. 45, No. 4, pp.905-926. Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “Bringing the Empire Back Home: France in the Global Age”. Journal of Interdisciplinary History Vol. 37 (2006): , Vol. 37, pp. 113-115. Print.PDF icon meunierjihreviewjune2006.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose?”. French Politics Vol. 4.No. 3 (2006). Print.Abstract

Resistance to change seems to be a deeply ingrained trait of French national character, and therefore traditional political accounts of France emphasize historical continuity. Yet, France has changed considerably in the past two decades, whether in economic, social, or political terms. This article reviews Changing France: The Politics That Markets Make and, beyond this book, asks how France has and has not been transformed. The central argument is that this change has taken place for the most part in the shadows instead of being publicized and debated. This has led to an overwhelming feeling of malaise in society and to a crisis of political representation.

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Meunier, Sophie, and Karen Alter. “Nested and Overlapping Regimes in the Transatlantic Banana Trade Dispute”. Journal of European Public Policy Vol. 13.No. 3 (2006): , Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 362-382. Print.Abstract

The decade-long transatlantic banana dispute was not a traditional trade conflict stemming from antagonistic producers’ interests. Instead, this article argues that the banana dispute is one of the most complex illustrations of the legal and political difficulties created by the nesting and overlapping of international institutions and commitments. The contested Europe-wide banana policy was an artifact of nesting – the fruit of efforts to reconcile the single market with Lome´ obligations which then ran afoul of WTO rules. Using counter-factual analysis, this article explores how the nesting of international commitments contributed to creating the dispute, provided forum shopping opportunities which themselves complicated the options of decision-makers, and hindered resolution of what would otherwise be a pretty straightforward trade dispute. We then draw out implications from this case for the EU, an institution increasingly nested within multilateral mechanisms, and for the issue of the nesting of international institutions in general.

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Meunier, Sophie, and Kalypso Nicolaidis. “The European Union as a Conflicted Trade Power”. Journal of European Public Policy Vol. 13.No. 6 (2006): , Vol. 13, No. 6, pp. 906-925. Print.Abstract

The EU is a formidable power in trade. Structurally, the sheer size of its market and its more than forty-year experience of negotiating international trade agreements have made it the most powerful trading bloc in the world. Much more problematically, the EU is also becoming a power through trade. Increasingly, it uses market access as a bargaining chip to obtain changes in the domestic arena of its trading partners, from labour standards to development policies, and in the international arena, from global governance to foreign policy. Is the EU up to its ambitions? This article examines the underpinnings of the EU’s power through trade across issue-areas and across settings (bilateral, inter-regional, global). It then analyses the major dilemmas associated with the exercise of trade power and argues that strategies of accommodation will need to be refined in each of these realms if the EU is to successfully transform its structural power into effective, and therefore legitimate, influence.

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Meunier, Sophie. “Anti-Americanisms in France.”. CES Newsletter Vol. XXXIV.Nos. 3/4 (2005). Print.PDF icon meuniercesnewsletter0105.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “Review of "The French Exception"”. H-France Vol. 5.No. 122 (2005). Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “Anti-Americanisms in France”. French Politics, Culture and Society Vol. 23.No. 2 (2005): , Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 125-140. Web. Publisher's VersionPDF icon meunierfpcs2005proofs.pdf
Meunier,. “Transatlantic Trade Issues”. EUSA Review Vol. 17.No. 2 (2004): n. pag. Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “La France qui se mondialise..”. Commentaire No. 105 (2004). Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “Free-Falling France or Free-Trading France?”. French Politics, Culture and Society Vol. 22.No. 1 (2004): , Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 98-107. Web. Publisher's VersionPDF icon meunierfpcsspring2004.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “Globalization and Europeanization: A Challenge to French Politics”. French Politics Vol. 22.No. 2 (2004): , Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 125-150. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This article examines how globalization and Europeanization interact with each other, either in a centrifugal or in a centripetal way, to alter French politics. It analyzes how globalization has redefined domestic politics in France and it explores whether Europeanization has accelerated or hindered these transformations. It studies in turn the impact of globalization and Europeanization on power, preferences and institutions — three essential components of a country’s domestic politics. The central argument is that globalization and Europeanization not only have transformed the nature of domestic politics, but are also becoming a new cleavage around which domestic politics are being structured.

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Meunier, Sophie. “The French Decline?”. The Soap Box Vol. 1.No. 1 (2003). Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “Trade Policy and Political Legitimacy in the European Union”. Comparative European Politics Vol. 1.No. 1 (2003): , Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 67-90. Print.PDF icon MeunierTradeLegitimacy2003.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “France’s Double-Talk on Globalization”. French Politics, Culture and Society Vol. 21.No. 1 (2003): , Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 20-34. Web. Publisher's VersionPDF icon meunierdouble-talkfpcs2003.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Kathleen McNamara. “Quelle position commune pour l'Euro?”. Problemes Economiques No. 2, 820 (2003). Print.
Meunier, Sophie. “France and European Integration:Toward a Transnational Polity?”. Political Science Quarterly Vol. 117.No. 1 (2002): , Vol. 117, No. 1, pp. 156-157. Print.PDF icon meunier-gueldryreview-psq02.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Kathleen R McNamara. “Between National Sovereignty and International Power: The External Voice of the Euro”. International Affairs Vol. 78.No. 4 (2002): , Vol. 78, No. 4, pp. 849-868. Print.PDF icon mcnamara-meunier-ia02.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Kalypso Nicolaïdis. “Trade Competence Debate in the Nice Treaty”. ECSA Review Vol. 14.No. 2 (2001). Print.
Meunier, Sophie, and Philip Gordon. “Globalization and French Cultural Identity”. French Politics, Culture and Society Vol. 19.No.1 (2001). Web. Publisher's VersionPDF icon Gordon Meunier 2001.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “What Single Voice? European Institutions and EU-US Trade Negotiations”. International Organization Vol. 54.No. 1 (2000): , Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 103-135. Print.PDF icon meunier-io00.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, William Clark, and Erick Duchesne. “Domestic and International Asymmetries in US-EU Trade Negotiations”. International Negotiation Journal Vol. 5.No. 1 (2000): , Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 69-95. Print.Abstract

This article studies the determinants of international bargaining power in instances of trade negotiations between the European Union and the United States. The authors’ central hypothesis is that an appraisal of the US–EU trade relationship requires an understanding of the ways in which “domestic” political institutions shape the bargaining behavior of international actors. In particular, this article argues that the frequent EU “successes” in its negotiations with the US are the result of the bargaining power that its unique institutional arrangements grant its negotiators. In order to explain the distributional outcomes of international trade negotiations, the authors explore the “Schelling conjecture” and analyze why it is particularly relevant to the understanding of the unique bargaining power of EU negotiators when they are confronted with their American counterparts. To examine the explanatory power of domestic institutions in episodes of trade negotiations, the article analyzes the US-EC Uruguay Round agricultural negotiations (1986–1993).

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Meunier, Sophie. “The French Exception”. Foreign Affairs Vol. 79.No.4 (2000): , Vol. 79, No.4, pp. 104-116. Print.PDF icon meunier-fa00.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Kalypso Nicolaïdis. “Who Speaks for Europe? The Delegation of Trade Authority in the European Union”. Journal of Common Market Studies Vol. 37.No. 3 (1999): , Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 477-501. Print.Abstract

Although the Member States of the European Union (EU) have long since relinquished their power to act as autonomous actors in international trade negotiations, they have now chosen to regain some of their lost trade sovereignty. Neither the European Court of Justice's (ECJ's) 1994 opinion, nor the 1997 reform of the trade policy process at Amsterdam delegated full negotiating authority to the Commission over the 'new trade issues' of services and intellectual property. Instead, Member States settled on a hybrid form of decision-making to enable ad hoc rather than structural delegation of competence. Was this a rollback of EU competence? If so, why has it occurred in the EU's oldest and most successfully integrated, policy sector? A shift in the perceived trade-off between economic interests and ideological bias on the part of key Member States can explain such a change. This article also explores the consequences for the future conduct of the EU's trade policy and its influence in shaping the world political economy, as well as for the evolving pattern of federal allocation of jurisdiction in the EU.

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Meunier, Sophie. “Daniel Verdier's Democracy and International Trade: A Book Review Essay”. Comparative Political Studies Vol. 28.No. 1 (1995): , Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 151-155. Print.PDF icon Comparative Political Studies-1995-Meunier-151-5.pdf
Meunier, Sophie, and Karen J Alter. “Judicial Politics in the European Community: European Integration and the Pathbreaking Cassis de Dijon Decision”. Comparative Political Studies Vol. 26.No. 4 (1994): , Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 535-561. Print.Abstract

Was the European Court of Justice a key actor in the "relaunching" of European integration in the 1980s? This article examines the crucial political role that was played by the Court with its Cassis de Dijon judgment in the rejuvenation EC harmonization policy and the development of the Single European Act. The authors challenge the dominant view that the Court's legal decisions in themselves create policy consequences, or that legal verdicts reflect the views of dominant member states, so as to create focal points around which a policy consensus emerges. They argue, instead, that the Cassis verdict acted as a catalyst, provoking a political response by the Commission, which attempted to capitalize on the verdict to create a "new approach to harmonization." This political entrepreneurship by the Commission triggered the mobilization of interest groups that lobbied their national governments for and against mutual recognition. Generalizing from the case, this article concludes that the Court performs three crucial roles in the EC policy-making process: opening political access to self-interested individuals, launching ideas into the policy-making arena, and provoking political responses through bold argumentation and unpopular verdicts.

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Meunier, Sophie, and George Ross. “Democratic Deficit or Democratic Surplus? Comments on the French Referendum”. French Politics and Society Vol. 11.No. 1 (1993): , Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 57-69. Print.
Magazine Article
Meunier, Sophie. “The French Twist”. Foreign Policy 2007. Print.PDF icon foreignpolicyreviewmay2007.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “Weakness as Power: France, Europe, and the WTO Negotiations”. EuroFuture 2005. Print.PDF icon meuniereurofuture.pdf
Meunier, Sophie. “France's War on Intelligence”. Foreign Policy 2004. Web. Publisher's Version
Meunier, Sophie. “France's Political Whodunit”. Foreign Policy 2002: , pp. 72-73. Print.PDF icon meunier-fp02.pdf
Working Paper
Meunier, Sophie, and Richard Wike. “Is the Post-American World a Post-Anti-American World?”. Submitted. Print.Abstract

The overwhelming American economic and military power over the past six decades had a major impact on global attitudes towards the United States. Power breeds admiration as well as resentment, and seemingly unchecked, unilateral American power partly fueled the phenomenon known as anti-Americanism in the first decade of the millennium. The financial crisis of 2008, however, acted as a revelator of the relative decline of American power, at least in the economic sphere, leading to the popularization of the concept of a “post-American world”. If the power of the US impacted its international image negatively, should we expect the decline of this power to impact its image positively? This paper investigates whether the “post-American world” will also be a “post-anti-American world”. Using data from the Pew Global Attitudes Project, we explore three hypotheses on how the relative decline of American power can affect global attitudes towards the US and ask whether anti-Americanism has the potential for being replaced by anti-China sentiments. We find, instead, that opinions about the US and China are often correlated and appear to be linked to other sets of attitudes, including ant-globalization sentiments and xenophobia. Moreover, we find that some of the factors that contributed to anti-Americanism can still exist in a “post-American world”.

Meunier, Sophie. “Integration by Stealth: How the European Union Gained Competence over Foreign Direct Investment”. 2014. Print.PDF icon meuniereuiworkingpaperdec2014.pdf