Peter Bogucki is an archaeologist in the anthropological tradition. He specializes in European prehistory, in particular the early farming societies of central and northern Europe. Since 1976 he has worked with Ryszard Grygiel of the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography in Łódź, Poland to excavate several important Neolithic sites in the Kuyavia region of Poland, including Brześć Kujawski and Osłonki, dated to the sixth and fifth millennia B.C. Bogucki also studied the animal bones from these sites. He has written or edited several books and many scholarly chapters and articles, as well as collaborating with researchers at Łódź, Kraków, Bristol, Umeå, and Oxford to study topics such as Neolithic dairy production and the relationship between diet and social standing. Bogucki is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London.
In addition to his scholarly writing, Bogucki has written extensively about European archaeology for general audiences. He is also a keen advocate for archaeology as an essential component of a liberal-arts curriculum.