My principal research areas include nuclear strategy, arms control and nonproliferation, strategic stability, extended deterrence, and the U.S.-China security relationship. My work draws on a wide range of methodological tools including survey experiments, archival research, campaign analysis, technical assessments, field interviews, and regression analysis. I aim to conduct research that is both policy relevant and methodologically rigorous.

I have published extensively on China's nuclear weapons program and missile forces, including peer- and editor-reviewed articles investigating recent reforms to China's PLA Rocket Force, using novel data on career paths in the PLA Rocket Force to infer institutional practices and priorities, and an assessment of the harder technical constraints on China's nuclear weapons forces, and an investigation of the escalation risks stemming from conventional-nuclear entanglement in China's land-based missile forces. I also have a similar project examining entanglement risks in China's conventional- and nuclear-armed naval forces.

I have an ongoing line of research examining whether and how nuclear superiority affects interstate relations. In a working paper, I cast a critical eye to recent large-N analyses of nuclear superiority, propose a new analytical technique, and draw on new archival sources to offer evidence that nuclear superiority is not as influential as some scholars have claimed. I am also developing a cross-national survey experiment to investigate heterogeneity in how different public and elite audiences respond to different presentations of the nuclear balance.

In addition to my scholarly work, I publish extensively in policy and popular media outlets with a particular focus on nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, and the U.S.-China security relationship.