To facilitate investigation of the molecular and biochemical functions of the adenovirus E4 Orf6 protein, we sought to derive three-dimensional structural information using computational methods, particularly threading and comparative protein modeling. The amino acid sequence of the protein was used for secondary structure and hidden Markov model (HMM) analyses, and for fold recognition by the ProCeryon program. Six alternative models were generated from the top-scoring folds identified by threading. These models were examined by 3D-1D analysis and evaluated in the light of available experimental evidence. The final model of the E4 protein derived from these and additional threading calculations was a chimera, with the tertiary structure of its C-terminal 226 residues derived from a TIM barrel template and a mainly alpha-nonbundle topology for its poorly conserved N-terminal 68 residues. To assess the accuracy of this model, additional threading calculations were performed with E4 Orf6 sequences altered as in previous experimental studies. The proposed structural model is consistent with the reported secondary structure of a functionally important C-terminal sequence and can account for the properties of proteins carrying alterations in functionally important sequences or of those that disrupt an unusual zinc-coordination motif.
Last updated on 01/17/2020
Flint Lab 229 Thomas Laboratory Department of Molecular Biology Princeton University