Nanoscale patterning of barium titanate on block copolymers


Lee, T. ; Yao, N. ; Aksay, I. A. Nanoscale patterning of barium titanate on block copolymers. Langmuir 1997, 13, 3866-3870.

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A triblock copolymer of polystyrene-polybutadiene-polystyrene (Kraton D1102) has been used to pattern barium titanate precursor with nanoscale modulations. The copolymer self-assembles to yield cylindrical polystyrene nanodomains in a polybutadiene matrix. The preorganized thin films of polymer are then selectively OH-functionalized in situ on the unsaturated carbon bonds in the polybutadiene matrix with antistereochemistry. Anchoring the barium titanate precursor onto the hydroxylated polymer thin films is possible only in the trans-1,2 polybutadiol matrix through the condensation between the barium titanium double alkoxides and the hydroxyl groups. The regioselective deposition of the barium titanium double alkoxides on the original polybutadiene matrix of the Kraton thin films was verified by transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy. The spacing of the coordinated barium titanium double alkoxide pattern was similar to 23 nm, equivalent to the interdomain spacing of the original polybutadiene matrix.

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