Melissa Lane is the Class of 1943 Professor of Politics at Princeton University, and director of the University Center for Human Values.  She is also an associated faculty member in the Department of Classics and the Department of Philosophy.  She is co-convenor of the Climate Futures Initiative, supported by the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies, the Princeton Environmental Institute, and the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment, and is a member of the Climate Change Working Group of the Social Sciences Research Council, as well as a member of the executive committee of Princeton's Program in Classical Philosophy, and a trustee of Princeton University Press, the editorial board of which she is chairing in 2018-19. She was awarded a 2015 Phi Beta Kappa Teaching Prize at Princeton University.

In 2018, Melissa Lane delivered the following named lectures: the Carlyle Lectures (University of Oxford); the Sir Malcolm Knox Memorial Lecture (University of St Andrews, Scotland); the Fifth Annual Joint Lecture of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Royal Institute of Philosophy (Edinburgh, Scotland); the Philip Hallie Lecture, Wesleyan University; the Gerald F. Else Lecture in the Humanities, University of Michigan; and the Charles McCracken Distinguished Guest Lecture, Michigan State University.  She also served as the Lucy Shoe Merritt Scholar in Residence (American Academy in Rome).   Similar honors in the recent past include delivering the keynote lecture for the 2016 London Graduate Conference in the History of Political Thought; the annual public lecture  of the Centre for Political Philosophy at the University of Leiden; the 2015 Chapman Lecture at the University of Auckland; and the 2015 Hood Lecture, also at the University of Auckland.  She has received a Fellowship of the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation in the field of classics.  Recent public contributions include a seminar for the Civil Service Leadership Academy in London; a panel discussion at the Getty Villa in Los Angeles co-sponsored by the J. Paul Getty Museum and calo Public Square; and periodic participation in the BBC Radio Four series 'In Our Time' with Melvyn Bragg, most recently discussing Cicero's political philosophy.