The neurophysiological correlates of colour and brightness contrast in lateral geniculate neurons. I. Population analysis.


Creutzfeldt, O. D., Crook, J. M., Kastner, S., Li, C. Y., & Pei, X. (1991). The neurophysiological correlates of colour and brightness contrast in lateral geniculate neurons. I. Population analysis. Exp Brain Res , 87, 3-21.

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The colour of an object is changed by surround colours so that the perceived colour is shifted in a direction complementary to the surround colour. To investigate the physiological mechanism underlying this phenomenon, we recorded from 260 neurons in the parvo-cellular lateral geniculate nucleus (P-LGN) of anaesthetized monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), and measured their responses to 1.0-2.0 degrees diameter spots of equiluminant light of various spectral composition, centered over their receptive field (spectral response function, SRF). Five classes of colour opponent neurons and two groups of light inhibited cells were distinguished following the classification proposed by Creutzfeldt et al. (1979). In each cell we repeated the SRF measurement while an outer surround (inner diameter 5 degrees, outer diameter 20 degrees) was continuously illuminated with blue (452 nm) or red (664 nm) light of the same luminance as the center spots. The 1.0-1.5 degree gap between the center and the surround was illuminated with a dim white background light (0.5-1cd/m2). During blue surround illumination, neurons with an excitatory input from S- or M-cones (narrow- and wide-band/short-wavelength sensitive cells, NS- and WS-cells, respectively) showed a strong attenuation of responses to blue and green center spots, while their maintained discharge rate (MDR) increased. During red surround illumination the on-minus-off-responses of NS- and WS-cells showed a clear increment. L-cone excited WL-cells (wide-band/long-wavelength sensitive) showed a decrement of on-responses to red, yellow and green center spots during red surround illumination and, in the majority, also an increment of MDR. The response attenuation of narrow-band/long-wave-length sensitive (NL)-cells was more variable, but their on-minus-off-responses were also clearly reduced in the average during red surrounds. Blue surround illumination affected WL-cell responses little and less consistently than those of NL-cells, but often broadened the SRF also in the WL-cells towards shorter wavelengths. The M-cone excited and S-cone suppressed WM-cells were strongly suppressed by blue but only little affected by red surround illumination. The changes of spectral responsiveness came out clearly in the group averages of the different cell classes, but showed some variation between individual cells in each group. The zero-crossing wavelengths derived from on-minus-off-responses were also characteristically shifted towards wavelengths complementary to those of the surround.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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Exp Brain Res
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