Immigration and Conflict in Europe
Cambridge University Press (Studies in Comparative Politics), 2010

Read part of the Introduction here

2011 Choice Outstanding Academic Title

Winner of the 2011 Best Book Award given out by the European Politics and Society Section, American Political Science Association

Based on the 2007 Ph.D. dissertation “Immigration and Conflict”, winner of the 2008 Gabriel A. Almond Award for the best dissertation in Comparative Politics, American Political Science Association

Reviewed in: Choice, Comparative Political Studies, Comparative Politics, Foreign Affairs, International Affairs, Journal of Politics, Mobilization, Perspectives on Politics, Political Studies Review, Social Forces.

Contemporary debates give the impression that the presence of immigrants necessarily spells strife. Yet as Immigration and Conflict in Europe shows, the incidence of conflict involving immigrants and their descendants has varied widely across groups, cities, and countries. The book presents a theory to account for this uneven pattern, explaining why we observe clashes between immigrants and natives in some locations but not in others and why some cities experience confrontations between immigrants and state actors while others are spared from such conflicts. The book addresses how economic conditions interact with electoral incentives to account for immigrant-native and immigrant-state conflict across groups and cities within Great Britain as well as across Germany and France. I highlight the importance of national immigration regimes and local political economies in shaping immigrants' economic position and political behavior, demonstrating how economic and electoral forces, rather than cultural differences, determine patterns of conflict and calm.

Dilemmas of Inclusion book coverDilemmas of Inclusion: Muslims in European Politics Princeton University Press, 2017

Read the Introduction here

As Europe’s Muslim communities continue to grow, so does their impact on electoral politics and the potential for inclusion dilemmas. In vote-rich enclaves, Muslim views on religion, tradition, and gender roles can deviate sharply from those of the majority electorate, generating severe trade-offs for parties seeking to broaden their coalitions. Dilemmas of Inclusion explains when and why European political parties include Muslim candidates and voters, revealing that the ways in which parties recruit this new electorate can have lasting consequences.

Drawing on original evidence from thousands of electoral contests in Austria, Belgium, Germany, and Great Britain, Dilemmas sheds new light on when minority recruitment will match up with existing party positions and uphold electoral alignments and when it will undermine party brands and shake up party systems. The book demonstrates that when parties are seduced by the quick delivery of ethno-religious bloc votes, they undercut their ideological coherence, fail to establish programmatic linkages with Muslim voters, and miss their opportunity to build cross-ethnic, class-based coalitions. Dilemmas highlights how the politics of minority inclusion can become a testing ground for parties, showing just how far their commitments to equality and diversity will take them when push comes to electoral shove.

Providing a unified theoretical framework for understanding the causes and consequences of minority political incorporation, and especially as these pertain to European Muslim populations, Dilemmas of Inclusion advances our knowledge about how ethnic and religious diversity reshapes domestic politics in today’s democracies.


Articles and Book Chapters

2015. "Why are Immigrants Underrepresented in Politics? Evidence from Sweden." With Karl-Oskar Lindgren, Sven Oskarsson, and Kåre Vernby. American Political Science Review 109(4): 703-724. *Winner of the 2015 SAGE Best Paper Award, Comparative Politics Section, APSA

2015. "Globalization, Labor Market Risks, and Class Cleavages." In The Politics of Advanced Capitalism, eds. Pablo Beramendi, Silja Häusermann, Herbert Kitschelt, and Hanspeter Kriesi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. With Stefanie Walter.

2014. “Immigration into Europe: Economic Discrimination, Violence and Public Policy,” with David D. Laitin.  Annual Review of Political Science 17: 43-64.

2014. “Attitudes Toward Immigration in Good Times and in Bad,” with Michael Donnelly. In Mass Politics in Tough Times, eds. Nancy Bermeo and Larry M. Bartels. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2014. "Electoral Rules or Electoral Leverage?: Explaining Muslim Representation in England." World Politics 66(2): 229-263.      *Winner of the 2015 Best Article Prize, Migration and Citizenship Section, APSA

2013. “Culture, Context, and the Political Incorporation of Immigrant-origin Groups in Europe.” In Outsiders No More? Models of Immigrant Political Incorporation, eds. Jennifer Hochschild, Jacqueline Chattopadhyay, Claudine Gay, and Michael Jones-Correa. New York: Oxford University Press.

2013. "The Left and Minority Representation: The Labour Party, Muslim Candidates, and Inclusion Tradeoffs." Comparative Politics 46(1): 1-21. Lead Article.

2013. “Sectoral Economies, Economic Contexts, and Attitudes toward Immigration,” with Michael D. Donnelly.  Journal of Politics 75(1): 17-35.  *Winner of the 2014 Best Article Prize, European Politics and Society Section, APSA
Appendix  Dataset  Stata Dofile

2010. “Hate Crimes,” with Donald P. Green, in Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination, eds. John F. Dovidio, Miles Hewstone, Peter Glick, and Victoria M. Esses. London: Sage.

2007. “The Politics of Race and Immigration in Great Britain: An Uneasy Balance,” in Racism, Xenophobia, and Distribution, John Roemer, Woojin Lee and Karine Van der Straeten. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

2007. “Immigration and the Institutionalization of Xenophobia in France,” in Racism, Xenophobia, and Distribution, John Roemer, Woojin Lee and Karine Van der Straeten. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

2006. “A New Electorate? Comparing Preferences and Partisanship between Immigrants and Natives,” with Elizabeth N. Saunders, American Journal of Political Science 50 (4): 962–981.


Selected Work in Progress

"The Evolution of the Immigration Debate: A Study of Party Positions over the Last Half-Century," with Yotam Margalit. SSRN download available here.

"National Policies, Local Politics, and Citizenship Acquisition: Field Experiments with Elected Officials in Germany," with Jeyhun Alizade and Ruth Ditlmann. SSRN download available here.

"Are Noncitizens Discriminated Against in the Hiring Process? Evidence form a Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination," with Kåre Vernby

"The Sources of Immigrants' Underrepresentation in Politics," with Kåre Vernby