I am interested in how the energy balance of Earth is altered by natural variability in the climate system and anthropogenic forcing. My thesis research uses satellite observations and climate models to understand the mechanisms responsible for short-term and long-term changes in Earth's reflection of solar radiation and emission of infrared radiation.

Please contact me at for any questions.

Publications: (all open access)

1. Raghuraman, S. P., Paynter, D., & Ramaswamy, V. (2021). Anthropogenic forcing and response yield observed positive trend in Earth’s energy imbalance. Nature Communications12(1), 1-10.

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2. Raghuraman, S. P., Paynter, D., & Ramaswamy, V. ( 2019). Quantifying the drivers of the clear sky greenhouse effect, 2000–2016. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 11354– 11371.

3. Raghuraman, S. (2017). Glacial Cycles and Milankovitch Forcing. Minnesota Journal Of Undergraduate Mathematics, 2(1). Retrieved from