Metabolic Trade-Offs Promote Diversity in a Model Ecosystem.

Citation:

Posfai, Anna, Thibaud Taillefumier, and Ned S Wingreen. “Metabolic Trade-Offs Promote Diversity in a Model Ecosystem.”. Phys Rev Lett 118.2 (2017): , 118, 2, 028103. Web.

Date Published:

2017 Jan 13

Abstract:

In nature, a large number of species can coexist on a small number of shared resources; however, resource-competition models predict that the number of species in steady coexistence cannot exceed the number of resources. Motivated by recent studies of phytoplankton, we introduce trade-offs into a resource-competition model and find that an unlimited number of species can coexist. Our model spontaneously reproduces several notable features of natural ecosystems, including keystone species and population dynamics and abundances characteristic of neutral theory, despite an underlying non-neutral competition for resources.