Publications

2014
Xie, Yu, and Jingwei Hu. “An Introduction to the ChinaFamily Panel Studies (CFPS)”. Chinese Sociological Review 47.1 (2014): , 47, 1, 3-29. Print.Abstract

The China Family Panel Studies (CFPS ), launched by Peking University, is a nearly nationwide, comprehensive, longitudinal social survey that is intended to serve research needs on a large variety of social phenomena in contemporary China. This article describes the background and characteristics of the CFPS, which was designed with the help of methods learned from the most influential survey projects in the world and their experiences. Extensive information is collected through computer-assisted person-to-person interviews of all family members. The questionnaires not only cover a wide range of topics but also consist of intergraded modules for rural and urban interviews, gathering information on family structure and family members, migrant mobility, event history (e.g., history of marriage, education, and employment), cognitive ability, and child development. The CFPS promises to provide the academic community with the most comprehensive and highest-quality survey data on contemporary China.

xie-hu2014_csr.pdf
Zhou, Xiang, and Yu Xie. “Propensity Score–based Methods Versus MTE-based Methods in Causal InferenceIdentification, Estimation, and Application”. Sociological Methods & Research (2014). Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Since the seminal introduction of the propensity score (PS) by Rosenbaum and Rubin, PS-based methods have been widely used for drawing causal inferences in the behavioral and social sciences. However, the PS approach depends on the ignorability assumption: there are no unobserved confounders once observed covariates are taken into account. For situations where this assumption may be violated, Heckman and his associates have recently developed a novel approach based on marginal treatment effects (MTEs). In this article, we (1) explicate the consequences for PS-based methods when aspects of the ignorability assumption are violated, (2) compare PS-based methods and MTE-based methods by making a close examination of their identification assumptions and estimation performances, (3) apply these two approaches in estimating the economic return to college using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) of 1979 and discuss their discrepancies in results. When there is a sorting gain but no systematic baseline difference between treated and untreated units given observed covariates, PS-based methods can identify the treatment effect of the treated (TT). The MTE approach performs best when there is a valid and strong instrumental variable (IV). In addition, this article introduces the “smoothing-difference PS-based method,” which enables us to uncover heterogeneity across people of different PSs in both counterfactual outcomes and treatment effects.

zhou-xie2014.pdf
Song, Xi, and Yu Xie. “Market Transition Theory Revisited:Changing Regimes of Housing Inequality in China, 1988-2002”. Sociological Science 1 (2014): , 1, 277-291. Print.
Xie, Yu. ““Undemocracy”: Inequalities in Science”. Science 344.6186 (2014): , 344, 6186, 809. Print. xie_2014_science.pdf
Xie, Yu. “Is U.S. Science in Decline?”. ISSUES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Spring (2014). Print. xie_-_is_us_science_in_decline_spring_2014.pdf
Liu, Airan, and Yu Xie. “Culture and Asian-White Achievement Difference”. Population Studies Center Research Report 14-827 (2014). Print. liu_and_xie_2014_rr14-827.pdf
Han, Yoonsun, et al.Estimating the Heterogeneous Relationship between PeerDrinking and Youth Alcohol Consumption in Chile UsingPropensity Score Stratification”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11 (2014): , 11, 11879-11897. Print. ijerph-11-11879.pdf
Hsin, Amy, and Yu Xie. “Explaining Asian Americans’ academic advantageover whites”. PNAS (2014). Print. hsin-xie2014.pdf
Mu, Zheng, and Yu Xie. “Marital age homogamy in China: A reversal of trend in the reform era?”. 2014: n. pag. Print.
Mu, Zheng, and Yu Xie. “Marital age homogamy in China: A reversal of trendin the reform era?”. Social Science Research 44 (2014): , 44, 141-157. Print. mu-xie2014.pdf
Luo, Weixiang, and Yu Xie. “Socio-economic disparities in mortality among theelderly in China”. Population Studies: A Journal of Demography (2014). Print. luo-xie2014.pdf
Han, Yoonsun, et al.Estimating the Heterogeneous Relationship between PeerDrinking and Youth Alcohol Consumption in Chile UsingPropensity Score Stratification”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11.2014 (2014): , 11, 2014, 11879-11897. Print. han-et_al._2014.pdf
2013
Zhang, Chunni, and Yu Xie. “Ethnic Enclaves Revisited: Effects on Earnings of Migrant Workers in Urban China”. Chinese Journal of Sociology 33.1 (2013): , 33, 1, 113-135. Print. zhang-xie2013-cjs.pdf
Xie, Yu, and Alexandra Killewald. “Intergenerational Occupational Mobility in Great Britain and the United States Since 1850: Comment”. American Economic Review 103.5 (2013): , 103, 5, 2003-2020. Print. xk_aer_final.pdf
Zhang, Chunni, and Yu Xie. “Place of Origin and Labour MarketOutcomes Among Migrant Workers inUrban China”. Urban Studies 50.14 (2013): , 50, 14, 3011-3026. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The localistic enclave is a special kind of enclave in urban China, which is characterised by a high concentration of rural migrants from the same place of origin. Prior research has documented that rural migrants work in these localistic enclaves, but the significance of participation in them for labour market outcomes among migrant workers has yet to be determined. In this article, it is argued that localistic economic enclaves may improve the labour force outcomes of rural-to-urban migrants. Results are reported from a study of the social determinants and consequences of working in localistic enclaves, based on data from a 2010 survey of migrant workers in the Pearl River and the Yangzi River deltas. The results provide limited support for the hypothesis: localistic enclaves enable migrant workers to earn higher earnings overall, but the earnings returns to human capital in an enclave are limited.

zhang-xie2013.pdf
Yu, Jia, and Yu Xie. “社会变迁与初婚影响因素的变化”. 社会学研究 (2013). Print.Abstract

通过分析2003与2008年中国综合社会调查数据,本文考察了我国城镇居民初婚影响因素近几十年来的变化。通过世代比较,本文发现,随着我国消费模式的变化,男性经济条件对初婚的影响作用逐渐增加。此外,国企改革使得体制内男性与女性职工在婚姻市场的优势逐渐下降。通过将个人层面信息与市级住房价格数据的匹配,本研究进一步发现房价的上升对我国城镇男女进入婚姻的影响通过教育这一中介机制而产生作用,个人教育对初婚的影响随着不同地区间房价的差异而显现出不同的效应。在房价较高的地区,较高的教育会增加进入婚姻的概率,而在房价较低的地区,教育主要起到推迟进入婚姻的作用。总的来说,本文的结果表明了初婚影响因素受到社会情境的影响。

yu-xie2013.pdf
Xie, Yu. “Population heterogeneity and causal inference”. PNAS Early Edition (2013). Web. Publisher's Version xie2013.pdf
Binstock, Georgina, et al.Influences on the knowledge and beliefs of ordinary people about developmental hierarchies”. International Journal of Comparative Sociology 54.4 (2013): , 54, 4, 325-344. Print.Abstract

This article is motivated by the idea that development and developmental hierarchies have been constructed and embraced for centuries by scholars and policy makers and have been disseminated among ordinary people. Recent research shows that most people have constructions of development hierarchies that are similar across countries. In this article, we extend this research by examining how basic social factors influence ordinary people’s beliefs about development and developmental hierarchies in six countries: Argentina, China, Egypt, Iran, Nepal, and the United States. Results show that the understanding and perception of developmental hierarchies vary by gender and education. These results are important because they show
how distinct groups of people have differential access to information or ideas.

binstock_et_al._2013-2.pdf
Cheng, Siwei, and Yu Xie. “Structural effect of size on interracial friendship”. PNAS Online 110.18 (2013): , 110, 18, 7165-7169. Print.Abstract

Social contexts exert structural effects on individuals’ social relationships, including interracial friendships. In this study, we posit that, net of group composition, total context size has a distinct effect on interracial friendship. Under the assumptions of (i) maximization of preference in choosing a friend, (ii) multidimensionality of preference, and (iii) preference for same-race friends, we conducted analyses using microsimulation that yielded three main findings. First, increased context size decreases the likelihood of forming an interracial friendship. Second, the size effect increases with the number of preference dimensions. Third, the size effect is diluted by noise, i.e., the random component affecting friendship formation. Analysis of actual friendship data among 4,745 American high school students yielded results consistent with the main conclusion that increased context size promotes racial segregation and discourages interracial friendship.

2012
Xie, Yu, and Xiang Zhou. “Modeling individual-level heterogeneity in racialresidential segregation”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109.29 (2012): , 109, 29, 11646–11651. Print.Abstract

We investigate the dynamic relationship between residential choices of individuals and resulting long-term aggregate segregation patterns, allowing for feedback effects of macrolevel neighborhood conditions on residential choices.We reinterpret past survey data on whites’ attitudes about desired neighborhoods as revealing large heterogeneity in whites’ tolerance of black neighbors. Through agent-based modeling, we improve on a previous model of residential racial segregation by introducing individual-level heterogeneity in racial tolerance. Our model predicts, in the long run, a lower level of residential racial segregation than would be true with homogeneous racial tolerance. Further analysis shows that whites’ tolerance of black neighbors is closely associated with their overall racial attitudes toward blacks.

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