Women in Science

Women in Science

Why do so few women choose a career in science—even as they move into medicine and law in ever-greater numbers? In one of the most comprehensive studies of gender differences in science careers ever conducted, Women in Science provides a systematic account of how U.S. youth are selected into and out of science education in early life, and how social forces affect career outcomes later in the science labor market.

Studying the science career trajectory in its entirety, the authors attend to the causal influences of prior experiences on career outcomes as well as the interactions of multiple life domains such as career and family. While attesting to the progress of women in science, the book also reveals continuing gender differences in mathematics and science education and in the progress and outcomes of scientists’ careers. The authors explore the extent and causes of gender differences in undergraduate and graduate science education, in scientists’ geographic mobility, in research productivity, in promotion rates and earnings, and in the experience of immigrant scientists. They conclude that the gender gap in parenting responsibilities is a critical barrier to the further advancement of women in science.

Introduction72 KB
Conclusion31 KB
Updated Figures for Chapter 7156 KB
codebook_a.pdf9 KB
Codebook B6 KB
Codebook C5 KB
Codebook D13 KB
Codebook E4 KB
Codebook F6 KB
Codebook G4 KB
Book Review in Science (2003)85 KB
Book Review in Nature (2004)340 KB
Book Review in Choice (2004)97 KB
Book Review in Social Forces (2004)149 KB
Book Review in Contemporary Sociology (2005)245 KB