Isolation and characterization of sequences from mouse chromosomal DNA with ARS function in yeasts.

Date Published:

1983 Nov




Fragments of chromosomal DNA from a variety of eucaryotes can act as ARSs (autonomously replicating sequence) in yeasts. ARSs enable plasmids to be maintained in extrachromosomal form, presumably because they function as initiation sites for DNA replication. We isolated eight different sequences from mouse chromosomal DNA which function as ARSs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (bakers' yeast). Although the replication efficiency of the different mouse ARSs in yeasts appears to vary widely, about one-half of them functions as well as the yeast chromosomal sequence ARS1. Moreover, five of the ARSs also promote self replication of plasmids in Schizosaccharomyces pombe (fission yeast). Each of the ARSs was cloned into plasmids suitable for transformation of mouse tissue culture cells. Plasmids were introduced into thymidine kinase (TK)-deficient mouse L cells by the calcium phosphate precipitation technique in the absence of carrier DNA. In some experiments, the ARS plasmid contained the herpes simplex virus type 1 TK gene; in other experiments (cotransformations), the TK gene was carried on a separate plasmid used in the same transformation. In contrast to their behavior in yeasts, none of the ARS plasmids displayed a significant increase in transformation frequency in mouse cells compared with control plasmids. Moreover, only 1 of over 100 cell lines contained the original plasmid in extrachromosomal form. The majority of cell lines produced by transformation with an ARS TK plasmid contained multiple copies of plasmid integrated into chromosomal DNA. In most cases, results with plasmids used in cotransformations were similar to those for plasmids carrying TK. However, cell lines produced by cotransformations with plasmids containing any one of three of the ARSs (m24, m25, or m26) often contained extrachromosomal DNAs.

Alternate Journal:

Mol. Cell. Biol.